The Liverpool factory produced the Studebaker Land Cruiser in 1954, the French followed in 1955 with the new Commander, a famous design by Virgil Exner from the studio of Raymond Loewy. Scales of both are approximately 1/48 (the Commander possibly slightly larger, 1/46, at an actual length of 504 cm and a model length of 10.9 cm). Before that, in 1949, the French branch had already re-issued the originally pre-war British no. 39f Studebaker State Commander, nr. 24o, and, in the same year, it started the 25 series Studebaker trucks.
The model is in fact a hybrid, since the first Studebaker of this type, introduced in 1953, had a different grille (a pair of ‘flat triangles’). Compared with the surviving mock-up it appears to have been adjusted to the 1954 full-width version.
Initially, a crescent cut-out in the rear of the base plate for hooking up a caravan was wanting, but the second variant is provided with such a recess. The inside of the roof has always been chequered. The first variant was available in the basic colours of light green/dark green roof and orange/cream roof only. The second one also came in a new colour scheme, the flanks in the same color as the roof. This only applies to the orange with cream version, not the green one, and there was a cream version with dark red, in the two colour schemes. The third variant was issued as both no. 24y and 540. Roulet (2nd ed.) shows all kinds of colours and schemes, some of which are unique prototypes. The fourth version was issued as number 540 only and has concave wheel hubs.
The second colour scheme has never been shown in the catalogues. The 1959 catalogue shows a dual numbered model, exceptionally in blue with a white or cream roof. Such a copy has never showed up as far as known.
The box was initially without illustrations. Shortly thereafter it showed the two basic models, finished in green and orange. Initially it was numbered 24y, subsequently dual numbered 24y / 540. The boxed models were delivered in a trade pack of six.
This kind of Studebaker was available in real life as Commander, President or Champion. The V8 engine had a maximum power of 164 hp and attained a top speed of 170 km/h. For 100 km it consumed 19 liters of fuel, so about 1:5. Additions and corrections welcome! Kind regards, Jan